Useful information
Romanian and official name: Cluj-Napoca

Hungarian name: Kolozsvár

German name: Klausenburg

Population: ~ 350.000 (with large fluctuations due to the student population, estimated to be more than 100.000.
Situated in west-central Romania, in Transylvania, on the Somes River. It is the historic capital of Transylvania and the second largest city in Romania, the administrative center of an agricultural and mineral-rich area. Its diverse manufactures include a variety of consumer goods.

The city is also a noted educational center with four large state universities, plus three smaller private universities, a branch of the Romanian Academy of Sciences, a Fine Arts Institute, an Academy of Music, and several scientific research centers.

NAPOCA was an important Roman city, situated on the river Samus (Latin name of the river) with its origin in the Dacian times. The historians associated this name with the name of native tribes - Naparis, Napaci. Napoca was situated in the North-West of the Roman province named Dacia Porolissenis.
The Emperor Hadrian granted Napoca the rank of Municipium with the official name Aelium Hadrianum Napocenses. In the second half of the IInd century AD Napoca becomes colonia having the official title of Colonia Aurelia Napoca.

The beginning of medieval CLUJ, called in Latin Claudiopolis is associated with two archeological discoveries on the present location of the city: the settlement which was developed on the central area of the city on the ruins of Roman Napoca, and the wooden stronghold surrounded by a moat in Cluj - Manastur (Calvaria). Cluj was first mentioned in 1275, in a document of King Ladislau IV, the Cumanian, when the village of Cluj City (Villa Kulusvar) was bestowed on the Bishop of Transylvania.

It was made a free city in 1405 by the king of Hungary. Stephen Bathory founded (1581) a Jesuit academy there, and the city became (16th cent.) the chief cultural and religious center of Transylvania. It was incorporated into Austria-Hungary in 1867 and was transferred to Romania in 1920. Hungarian forces occupied the city during World War II.

Landmarks include the 14th-century Gothic Church of St. Michael, the house where King Matthias I of Hungary was born (1440), and the ruins of an 11th-century church. Cluj-Napoca is also noted for its botanical gardens.

Sites and photos of Cluj:

Official Cluj site

More about Cluj and more photos

Map of Cluj

The name "Transylvania" comes from Latin and it means "the land across the forrests", which may be partly responsible for the aura of mystery, legend, the stuff that fairy-tales are made of.

In Romanian it is also called "Ardeal", in German "Siebenbürgen" (the seven cities), and in Hungarian "Erdély".

Transylvania is a basin of approximately 56,000 sq. km in the central part of Romania. North to south, approximately 280 km; east to west, approximately 310 km. It is bounded by the East Carpathian range on the northeast, the South Carpathians (Transylvanian Alps) to the south which include Romania's highest mountains, Moldoveanu at 2544m and Negoiu at 2535 m, and the Apuseni (Western) Mountains to the northwest.

The mountains, the hills, the deep forrests, the waters as well as the towns and villages dating from the medieval ages and vividly reflecting the mixture of Hungarian, German and Romanian cultures confer it a unique beauty and charm. Less than 30 minutes travel in any direction will suprise the traveller by its changing and breathtaking landscapes.

And to add even more to the mystery, or possibly because of it, Bram Stoker placed the action of his novel Dracula in one of the mountain valleys of north-east, the Borgo Path which starts from the old town of Bistrita. To read about the legend and the true story:

Useful Information

Entering Romania
Visitors to Romania must have a valid passport. EU members do not require a visa. Visitors from other countries should check with the Romanian embassies or consulates in their respective countries. If a visa is required to enter Romania, it is better to obtain it prior to your visit. Visas may be also obtained at the point of customs on arrival, but it may cost more and formalities may take some time.

The official language is Romanian, of Latin origin. English is well understood and spoken by most people, especially by the younger generations. French and German are also well understood or spoken, especially by the older generations. The official language of the Conference is English.

Local time
Romania is on East European time zone, namely local time is 2 hours ahead of GMT and 1 hour ahead of most European countries, i.e. it is 15.00h in Cluj when it is 13.00 in London or 14.00h in Paris.

Money and Banking
Local currency:The Romanian currency is LEU, plural LEI (pronounced as in “lay”); 1 leu is divided into 100 BANI (pronounced “banny”); all payments are made in the local currency. In July 2005 there was a devaluation by which 4 zeros were deleted and at present the old and new coins and notes co-exist. However, both notes, old and new, with the same value are very similar. In order to get acquainted with our currency, please visit the National Bank site at . One Euro = 3.5 new lei or 35,000 old lei.
Bank cards: All major credit cards are accepted. ATMs are readily available. There are two ATMs at the Conference Center.
Changing money: You may exchange cash (preferably euros, English pounds, or US dollars) in all the banks (open 9.00 – 18.00) or Exchange offices (some of them open 24h). Please note that in most small shops and at the local market, only cash payments are accepted.

Telephone system
The international code for Romania is 40; in order to make an international call from Romania you must dial 00 followed by country code and number, e.g. 00 44 for the UK. Romania is well covered by mobile phone operators (the main ones are Orange and Vodafone) and if you come from Europe you will be able to use your mobile phone.

Electric current is 230 volts; standard two-pin European style plugs are used.

Cluj has a continental climate, with hot summers and cold winters, not windy and average humidity. September is considered the most stable month of the year, with the lowest chance of rain. The average weather in September is sunny with temperatures around +20 centigrade during the day.

By air: The airport is situated about 10 km east of Cluj and is connected to the city by road; it takes approximately 15 minutes by car between the center and the airport. A special bus service will be provided for the Conference participants between the airport and their respective hotels. Please check the website before the conference for the timetable.
Taxis: Cluj is served by a large number of taxis belonging to various taxi companies. Useful numbers for calling a taxi are: 947, 946, 953, 969, if you dial from a local phone, or 0040-745-939031, 0040-722-889900 for instance, if you dial from your mobile. Beside the location you must also give your name in order to be identified. Taxis may be taken in the street of course, without calling. Fares are around 30 eurocents / km.

Eating out
Cluj has numerous restaurants, pizza houses, bars and cafes, many of them with places for sitting out. Opening hours are between 11 a.m. and midnight. Standard restaurant food is based on meat (steaks, grills, stew), vegetarian menus are rather limited but available, their range depends on every restaurant. Prices also vary, between 5 – 20 euros (equivalent in lei) per standard meal per person.

For additional information about factual Romania, see